Masked Oxymorons

Plastic bags, plastic straws? Now look at this folks, on top of our poor Earth already being turned into a plastic planet and sea of plastic, we have a global ecological disaster on our hands with masks and gloves. The destructive insanity of it all, if this was a genuine deadly virus, would this really be allowed? No, it wouldn’t because it would be classed as a serious biohazard and we would be made to dispose of it in a more secure way and where are the environmental risk assessments and considerations in all of this? Whenever you visit hospital, you see needles and gloves placed in a yellow or orange bin labelled ”Biohazardous Waste”. This oxymoron is another example of the trillions of holes in the daily manufactured destructive lies and contradictions which we are being forced to live with because of these pandemic regulations.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) has driven increased plastic pollution. In response to high PPE demand among the general public, health care workers, and service workers, single-use face mask production in China soared to 116 million per day in February, about 12 times the usual quantity (2). The World Health Organization has requested a 40% escalation of disposable PPE production (3). If the global population adheres to a standard of one disposable face mask per day after lockdowns end, the pandemic could result in a monthly global consumption and waste of 129 billion face masks and 65 billion gloves”-Tanveer M. Adyel

In the UK over 53 million masks are being sent to landfill each day. Disposable masks are not biodegradable, they are not made of paper, they are not recyclable and whether they are binned or littered they will still damage the environment. If you really have to use a mask, please use a cotton reusable mask to help take care of the planet.

According to estimates by Greenpeace Taiwan, 5,500 metric tonnes of face masks were produced within 3 months in 2020, from early February to mid May, Taiwan produced and used roughly 1.3 billion surgical masks. Assuming each face mask weighs 4 grams, that’s 5,500 metric tonnes of general waste generated within a span of three months. To put that figure into perspective, each garbage truck is capable of transporting 5 tonnes of trash at a time, so Taiwan produced enough face masks over a three-month period to fill 1,100 garbage trucks.

Where is the logic in people’s thinking when they throw a disposable facemask onto the ground outside, in the countryside or on the street? They are basically not thinking. When they wear a disposable mask, throwing a used mask on the ground makes the very act of wearing a mask an oxymoron, not only by disrespecting the environment but they have no consideration for other people, especially the people who have to collect these masks from the ground, or who are processing them at waste disposal sites, these people are at higher risk with secondary transmission of Covid-19. The deeply flawed contradictions are outrageous, as these are the public health risks and biohazards created from ”infected” used masks, which if one thinks about it, would be causing even more of a problem if the mainstream media and government health policies were based on any real science. Moreover, the open burning or uncontrolled incineration of masks leads to the release of toxins such as cancerous dioxins and polypropylene into the environment, and to secondary transmission of diseases to humans which is being overlooked.

The CDC and many doctors around the world have spoken out saying that masks are useless, a peer-reviewed study done by Stanford University that demonstrates beyond a reasonable doubt that face masks have absolutely zero chance of preventing the spread of Covid-19, Baruch Vainshelboim, the author of the study Facemasks in the COVID-19 era: A health hypothesis, cited 67 scholars, doctors, scientists, and other studies to support his conclusions. The National Center for Biotechnological Information government website referenced the published study. The NCBI is a branch of the National Institute for Health. In theory, the said virus is so small it could pass through any mask, like a fly passing through a football goal net. According to the current knowledge, the virus SARS-CoV-2 has a diameter of 60 nm to 140 nm [nanometers (billionth of a meter)], while medical and non-medical facemasks’ thread diameter ranges from 55 µm to 440 µm [micrometers, (one millionth of a meter), which is more than 1000 times larger. Due to the difference in sizes between SARS-CoV-2 diameter and facemasks thread diameter (the virus is 1000 times smaller), SARS-CoV-2 can easily pass through any facemask.

Such viruses could pass just as easily through your eyes and tear ducts, . Wearing a mask for a long time also means breathing in one’s own bacteria and germs, so you get sick more easily, increased carbon dioxide and reduced oxygen intake for prolonged periods is damaging to one’s health, especially in the developing brains of infants and children, children have developed coughs breathing in fibres and graphene in the masks. Canada has began mask manufacturer recalls, due to health concerns of people breathing in the graphene nanoparticle fibres which is toxic to the lungs. Moreover, adverse physiological, psychological and health effects are suffered by many, especially children. Meanwhile, politicians continue to listen to their designated health advisors to keep these regulations in place.

The consumption of plastic bottles for liquid disinfectant gel, plastic gloves and disposable wipes have all increased in usage by millions of people due to the pandemic regulations, much of this also ends up in the ocean and countryside killing wildlife. Then there’s the Covid-19 test kits. None of these items are recyclable and they should be disposed of in ways that are not a biohazard to the environment or people.

The UN trade body, UNCTAD, estimates that global sales will total some $166 billion in 2020, up from around $800 million in 2019. If historical data is a reliable indicator, it can be expected that around 75 per cent of the used masks, as well as other pandemic-related waste, will end up in landfills, or floating in the seas. Aside from the environmental damage, the financial cost, in areas such as tourism and fisheries, is estimated by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) at around $40 billion.

Related article

Our Plastic Seas- a Plastic Ecocide

The Great Barrington Declaration

World Doctors Alliance

Do you need a mask? Science hasn’t changed public guidance

Masks are pointless

1918 flu pandemic


Baruch Vainshelboim Facemasks in the COVID-19 era: A health hypothesis. Medical Hypotheses, Volume 146, January 2021, 110411

[1] E.M. Fisher, J.D. Noti, W.G. Lindsley, F.M. Blachere, R.E. Shaffer
Validation and application of models to predict facemask influenza contamination in healthcare settings
Risk Anal, 34 (2014), pp. 1423-1434

[2] World Health Organization. Advice on the use of masks in the context of COVID-19. Geneva, Switzerland; 2020.

[3] C. Sohrabi, Z. Alsafi, N. O’Neill, M. Khan, A. Kerwan, A. Al-Jabir, et al.
World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19)
Int J Surg, 76 (2020), pp. 71-76

[4] Worldometer. COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC. 2020.

[5] A.S. Fauci, H.C. Lane, R.R. Redfield
Covid-19 – Navigating the Uncharted
N Engl J Med, 382 (2020), pp. 1268-1269

[6] S.S. Shrestha, D.L. Swerdlow, R.H. Borse, V.S. Prabhu, L. Finelli, C.Y. Atkins, et al.
Estimating the burden of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in the United States (April 2009-April 2010)
Clin Infect Dis, 52 (Suppl 1) (2011), pp. S75-S82

[7] W.W. Thompson, E. Weintraub, P. Dhankhar, P.Y. Cheng, L. Brammer, M.I. Meltzer, et al.
Estimates of US influenza-associated deaths made using four different methods
Influenza Other Respir Viruses, 3 (2009), pp. 37-49

[8] Centers for Disease, C., Prevention. Estimates of deaths associated with seasonal influenza — United States, 1976-2007. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010,59:1057-62.

[9] S. Richardson, J.S. Hirsch, M. Narasimhan, J.M. Crawford, T. McGinn, K.W. Davidson, et al.
Presenting Characteristics, Comorbidities, and Outcomes Among 5700 Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19 in the New York City Area
JAMA (2020)

[10] J.P.A. Ioannidis, C. Axfors, D.G. Contopoulos-Ioannidis
Population-level COVID-19 mortality risk for non-elderly individuals overall and for non-elderly individuals without underlying diseases in pandemic epicenters
Environ Res, 188 (2020)

[11] American College of Sports Medicine
ACSM’s Resource Manual for Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Priscription
(Sixth ed.), Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins, Baltimore (2010)

[12] P.A. Farrell, M.J. Joyner, V.J. Caiozzo
ACSM’s Advanced Exercise Physiology
(second edition), Lippncott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore (2012)

[13] W.L. Kenney, J.H. Wilmore, D.L. Costill
Physiology of sport and exercise
(5th ed.), Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL (2012)

[14] World Health Organization. Advice on the use of masks in the community, during home care and in health care settings in the context of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak. Geneva, Switzerland; 2020.

[15] B. Sperlich, C. Zinner, A. Hauser, H.C. Holmberg, J. Wegrzyk
The Impact of Hyperoxia on Human Performance and Recovery
Sports Med, 47 (2017), pp. 429-438

[16] W.J. Wiersinga, A. Rhodes, A.C. Cheng, S.J. Peacock, H.C. Prescott
Pathophysiology, Transmission, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Review
JAMA (2020)

[17] N. Zhu, D. Zhang, W. Wang, X. Li, B. Yang, J. Song, et al.
A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019
N Engl J Med, 382 (2020), pp. 727-733

[18] J.T. Poston, B.K. Patel, A.M. Davis
Management of Critically Ill Adults With COVID-19
JAMA (2020)

[19] C.R. MacIntyre, H. Seale, T.C. Dung, N.T. Hien, P.T. Nga, A.A. Chughtai, et al.
A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers
BMJ open, 5 (2015)

[20] K.D. Patil, H.R. Halperin, L.B. Becker
Cardiac arrest: resuscitation and reperfusion
Circ Res, 116 (2015), pp. 2041-2049

[21] M.F. Hazinski, J.P. Nolan, J.E. Billi, B.W. Bottiger, L. Bossaert, A.R. de Caen, et al.
Part 1: Executive summary: 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations
Circulation, 122 (2010), pp. S250-S275

[22] M.E. Kleinman, Z.D. Goldberger, T. Rea, R.A. Swor, B.J. Bobrow, E.E. Brennan, et al.
American Heart Association Focused Update on Adult Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care
Circulation, 137 (2018), pp. e7-e13

[23] K.G. Lurie, E.C. Nemergut, D. Yannopoulos, M. Sweeney
The Physiology of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Anesth Analg, 122 (2016), pp. 767-783

[24] B. Chandrasekaran, S. Fernandes
“Exercise with facemask; Are we handling a devil’s sword?” – A physiological hypothesis
Med Hypotheses, 144 (2020)

[25] A. Konda, A. Prakash, G.A. Moss, M. Schmoldt, G.D. Grant, S. Guha
Aerosol Filtration Efficiency of Common Fabrics Used in Respiratory Cloth Masks
ACS Nano, 14 (2020), pp. 6339-6347

[26] N.H.L. Leung, D.K.W. Chu, E.Y.C. Shiu, K.H. Chan, J.J. McDevitt, B.J.P. Hau, et al.
Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks
Nat Med, 26 (2020), pp. 676-680

[27] M. Gao, L. Yang, X. Chen, Y. Deng, S. Yang, H. Xu, et al.
A study on infectivity of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carriers
Respir Med, 169 (2020)

[28] J.D. Smith, C.C. MacDougall, J. Johnstone, R.A. Copes, B. Schwartz, G.E. Garber
Effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical masks in protecting health care workers from acute respiratory infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis
CMAJ, 188 (2016), pp. 567-574

[29] R. Chou, T. Dana, R. Jungbauer, C. Weeks, M.S. McDonagh
Masks for Prevention of Respiratory Virus Infections, Including SARS-CoV-2, in Health Care and Community Settings: A Living Rapid Review
Ann Intern Med (2020)

[30] D.K. Chu, E.A. Akl, S. Duda, K. Solo, S. Yaacoub, H.J. Schunemann, et al.
Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Lancet, 395 (2020), pp. 1973-1987

[31] Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Implementation of Mitigation Strategies for Communities with Local COVID-19 Transmission. Atlanta, Georgia; 2020.

[32] D. Isaacs, P. Britton, A. Howard-Jones, A. Kesson, A. Khatami, B. Marais, et al.
Do facemasks protect against COVID-19?
J Paediatr Child Health, 56 (2020), pp. 976-977

[33] P. Laveneziana, A. Albuquerque, A. Aliverti, T. Babb, E. Barreiro, M. Dres, et al.
ERS statement on respiratory muscle testing at rest and during exercise
Eur Respir J, 53 (2019)

[34] American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory, S
ATS/ERS Statement on respiratory muscle testing
Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 166 (2002), pp. 518-624

[35] T.W. Kao, K.C. Huang, Y.L. Huang, T.J. Tsai, B.S. Hsieh, M.S. Wu
The physiological impact of wearing an N95 mask during hemodialysis as a precaution against SARS in patients with end-stage renal disease
J Formos Med Assoc, 103 (2004), pp. 624-628

[36] United States Department of Labor. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Respiratory Protection Standard, 29 CFR 1910.134; 2007.

[37] ATS/ACCP Statement on cardiopulmonary exercise testing
Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 167 (2003), pp. 211-277

[38] American College of Sports Medicine
ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription
(9th ed.), Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health, Philadelphia (2014)

[39] G.J. Balady, R. Arena, K. Sietsema, J. Myers, L. Coke, G.F. Fletcher, et al.
Clinician’s Guide to cardiopulmonary exercise testing in adults: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association
Circulation, 122 (2010), pp. 191-225

[40] A.M. Ferrazza, D. Martolini, G. Valli, P. Palange
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the functional and prognostic evaluation of patients with pulmonary diseases
Respiration, 77 (2009), pp. 3-17

[41] G.F. Fletcher, P.A. Ades, P. Kligfield, R. Arena, G.J. Balady, V.A. Bittner, et al.
Exercise standards for testing and training: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association
Circulation, 128 (2013), pp. 873-934

[42] M. Guazzi, V. Adams, V. Conraads, M. Halle, A. Mezzani, L. Vanhees, et al.
EACPR/AHA Scientific Statement. Clinical recommendations for cardiopulmonary exercise testing data assessment in specific patient populations
Circulation, 126 (2012), pp. 2261-2274

[43] R. Naeije, C. Dedobbeleer
Pulmonary hypertension and the right ventricle in hypoxia
Exp Physiol, 98 (2013), pp. 1247-1256

[44] G.Q. Zheng, Y. Wang, X.T. Wang
Chronic hypoxia-hypercapnia influences cognitive function: a possible new model of cognitive dysfunction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Med Hypotheses, 71 (2008), pp. 111-113

[45] A. Beder, U. Buyukkocak, H. Sabuncuoglu, Z.A. Keskil, S. Keskil
Preliminary report on surgical mask induced deoxygenation during major surgery
Neurocirugia (Astur), 19 (2008), pp. 121-126

[46] J.J.Y. Ong, C. Bharatendu, Y. Goh, J.Z.Y. Tang, K.W.X. Sooi, Y.L. Tan, et al.
Headaches Associated With Personal Protective Equipment – A Cross-Sectional Study Among Frontline Healthcare Workers During COVID-19
Headache, 60 (2020), pp. 864-877

[47] N. Schneiderman, G. Ironson, S.D. Siegel
Stress and health: psychological, behavioral, and biological determinants
Annu Rev Clin Psychol, 1 (2005), pp. 607-628

[48] P.A. Thoits
Stress and health: major findings and policy implications
J Health Soc Behav, 51 (Suppl) (2010), pp. S41-S53

[49] N. Haslam
Dehumanization: an integrative review
Pers Soc Psychol Rev, 10 (2006), pp. 252-264

[50] S. Cohen
Social relationships and health
Am Psychol, 59 (2004), pp. 676-684

[51] N. Leigh-Hunt, D. Bagguley, K. Bash, V. Turner, S. Turnbull, N. Valtorta, et al.
An overview of systematic reviews on the public health consequences of social isolation and loneliness
Public Health, 152 (2017), pp. 157-171

[52] J. Holt-Lunstad, T.B. Smith, J.B. Layton
Social relationships and mortality risk: a meta-analytic review
PLoS Med, 7 (2010)

[53] E. Shor, D.J. Roelfs
Social contact frequency and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis and meta-regression
Soc Sci Med, 128 (2015), pp. 76-86

[54] B.S. McEwen
Protective and damaging effects of stress mediators
N Engl J Med, 338 (1998), pp. 171-179

[55] B.S. McEwen
Physiology and neurobiology of stress and adaptation: central role of the brain
Physiol Rev, 87 (2007), pp. 873-904

[56] G.S. Everly, J.M. Lating
A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response
(4th ed.), NY Springer Nature, New York (2019)

[57] World Health Organization. World health statistics 2018: monitoring health for the SDGs, sustainable development goals Geneva, Switzerland; 2018.

[58] World Health Organization. World Cancer Report 2014. Lyon; 2014.

[59] J.M. Wiggins, A.B. Opoku-Acheampong, D.R. Baumfalk, D.W. Siemann, B.J. Behnke
Exercise and the Tumor Microenvironment: Potential Therapeutic Implications
Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 46 (2018), pp. 56-64

[60] K.A. Ashcraft, A.B. Warner, L.W. Jones, M.W. Dewhirst
Exercise as Adjunct Therapy in Cancer
Semin Radiat Oncol, 29 (2019), pp. 16-24

[61] F. Bray, J. Ferlay, I. Soerjomataram, R.L. Siegel, L.A. Torre, A. Jemal
Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries
CA Cancer J Clin (2018)

[62] S.K. Brooks, R.K. Webster, L.E. Smith, L. Woodland, S. Wessely, N. Greenberg, et al.
The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence
Lancet, 395 (2020), pp. 912-920

[63] S. Galea, R.M. Merchant, N. Lurie
The Mental Health Consequences of COVID-19 and Physical Distancing: The Need for Prevention and Early Intervention
JAMA Intern Med, 180 (2020), pp. 817-818

[64] D. Izaguirre-Torres, R. Siche
Covid-19 disease will cause a global catastrophe in terms of mental health: A hypothesis
Med Hypotheses, 143 (2020)

[65] B.M. Kudielka, S. Wust
Human models in acute and chronic stress: assessing determinants of individual hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and reactivity
Stress, 13 (2010), pp. 1-14

[66] J.N. Morey, I.A. Boggero, A.B. Scott, S.C. Segerstrom
Current Directions in Stress and Human Immune Function
Curr Opin Psychol, 5 (2015), pp. 13-17

[67] R.M. Sapolsky, L.M. Romero, A.U. Munck
How do glucocorticoids influence stress responses? Integrating permissive, suppressive, stimulatory, and preparative actions
Endocr Rev, 21 (2000), pp. 55-89

One comment

Leave a Reply